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ACTION: Applications Coordinating with Transport, IP, and Optical Networks

ACTION is a joint Japan-US collaborative project that is supported by NICT in Japan, and the NSF in the US. It is part of the NSF Japan-US Network Opportunity (JUNO) program.


-This project is funded by:

NSF Directorate for Computer & Information Science & Engineering Division of Computer and Network Systems

Program Manager: Dr. J. Bryan Lyles

Project Participants: University of Texas at Dallas (UTD), Dallas, Texas, USA, University of Virginia (UVA), Charlottesville, Virginia, USA, University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo, and Keio University, Yokohama-shi, Japan.

NSF award number: CNS-1405405 (UTD) and CNS-1405171 (UVA)


Today’s Internet is significantly over-provisioned for a number of reasons, e.g., to absorb traffic bursts, to handle the extra (rerouted) load when failures occur, and for long-term traffic growth without frequent upgrades in the field. This overprovisioning adds significant capital costs to the Internet.

The ACTION project enables adaptation of the Internet to changing needs and demands by dynamically adjusting its “optical highway” capacities based on network resource utilization. The project name ACTION stands for “Applications Coordinate through Transport Interfaces with Optical Networks,” implying that the capacity of the Internet optical highways is a time-adjustable commodity, which can be intelligently controlled by the applications via specially designed interfaces. For example, part of the optical spectrum can be freed on highways with low traffic volume and either reassigned to other highways where needed or switched off to conserve energy. Such flexible highways are achieved by combining WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing) Flexible Grid technology in the metro-core with DSCM (Digital Subcarrier Multiplexing) technology in the campus/access. The ACTION research activities will culminate in a final demonstration on the Japan Gigabit Network-extreme (JGN-X) test-bed.

The ACTION project will actively engage undergraduate students in Senior Thesis and Design Projects, recruit women and under-represented minorities by leveraging the UVA Center for Diversity in Engineering and the UTDallas long-standing relationship with CONACYT (National Council for Science and Technology of Mexico). Findings, documents, links to publications and software will be disseminated through a wiki-based Web site. All instructional materials developed will be made available at


Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.


Proposal and reports submitted to NSF

1st JUNO PI meeting at UC Davice File:JUNO-PI-Mtg-Davis-June24-2104 NICTOPEN(NY)confidential EO.pdf

Technical reports

Equipment power consumption and cost for enterprise access links File:Equipment power consumption and cost for enterprise access links - source data.pdf

A simulation study of Hadoop for hybrid networks File:Technical Report - A Simulation Study of Hadoop for Hybrid Networks (HHN).pdf


  1. M. Veeraraghavan, Data-Center Networking Tutorial, IEEE ICC 2014 (June 14, 2014), and IEEE BlackSeaCom 2014 (May 27, 2014) (File:Mv-ICC2014-tutorial.pdf)
  2. M. Veeraraghavan, Path-based networking: From POTS to SDN (File:Mv-cuhk-apr28-2014.pdf), April 28,2014, CUHK.
  3. Eiji Oki, Naoaki Yamanaka, Andrea Fumagalli and Malathi Veeraraghavan, The ACTION Project Preliminary Results and Project Plan (File:JUNO-PI-Mtg-Davis-June24-2104-Public.pdf), NSF JUNO PI Meeting, June 25, 2014, Davis, CA


Joint publication articles

  1. Naoaki Yamanaka, Satoru Okamoto,Andrea Fumagalli,Eiji Oki,and Malathi Veeraraghavan, "Application-centric, energy-efficient network architecture, ACTION, based on flexible optical network", invited paper for COIN 2014. File:COIN2014 yamanakaw.PDF

Conference articles

  1. Xue Wang, Joobum Kim, Shuyi Yan, Miguel Razo, Marco Tacca, and Andrea Fumagalli, "Blocking Probability and Fairness in Two-Rate Elastic Optical Networks," ICTON 2014, July 6-10, 2014, Graz, Austria (File:ICTON14-AF.pdf)
  2. Tian Jin, Chris Tracy, Malathi Veeraraghavan, "Characterization of high-rate large-sized flows," IEEE BlackSeaCom 2014, May 27-30, 2014 (Published:File:BlackSeaComFinal2014.pdf and Long-version Tech Report:File:Mv-BlackSeaCom2014-Tech-Report.pdf)
  3. M. Veeraraghavan and I. Monga, "Broadening the scope of optical circuit networks," IEEE ONDM, May 19-22, 2014 (File:UVA-ONDM2014.pdf)
  4. E. Oki, ``Preventive Start-Time Optimization Against Network Failure,’’ 10th International Conference on the Design of Reliable Communication Networks (DRCN 2014), Apr. 2014.

Journal and Magazine Articles

  1. Naoaki Yamanaka, Hidetoshi Takeshita, Satoru Okamoto and Takehiro Sato,” Using Optical-Approaches to Raise Energy Efficiency of Future Central and/or Linked Distributed Data Center Network Services “, International Journal on Netwroking and Computing, accepted
  2. E. Oki, Y. Kitahara, and I.A. Ouédraogo, ``Optimal Routing by Hose Model with Bound of Link Traffic,’’ IET Networks, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 155–162, Sep. 2012.
  3. S. Kaptchouang, I.A. Ouédraogo, and E. Oki, ``Preventive Start-Time Optimization of Link Weights with Link Reinforcement,’’ IEEE Commun. Let., 2014. (to appear)

Workshop articles

  1. Praphan Pavarangkoon and Eiji Oki,” Survivable Lightpath Provisioning in Multi-Domain Optical Networks”, IEEE HPSR 2014, July 1-4, Vancouver Canada File:HPSR2013 gogo.pdf
  2. Abu Hena Al Muktadir and Eiji Oki, “A Heuristic Routing Algorithm for Network Coding Aware 1+1 Protection Route Design for Instantaneous Recovery”, IEEE HPSR 2014, July 1-4, Vancouver Canada File:Http:hpsr2014 ab.pdf
  3. Xue Wang, Joobum Kim, Shuyi Yan, Miguel Razo, Marco Tacca, and Andrea Fumagalli1,” Blocking Probability and Fairness in Two Rate Elastic Optical Networks”, ICTON 2014, July 6-10, Graz Austria
  4. Naoaki Yamanaka, Hidetoshi Takeshita, Satoru Okamoto, Takehiro Sato and Shanming Zhang, “Energy Efficiency of Future Central and/or Linked Distributed Function Network Using Optical Technologies”, 19th European Conference on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC 2014), No. 5-1, pp. 97-101, June 2014.:(File:NOC-201406 yamanaka.pdf)



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